Looking Back

Revealing, not reducing, RVA's African origins:

We recognize that the current state of records on the Transatlantic Trade in enslaved Africans is inherently incomplete. In this manner, we draw from information on 23 voyages that transported enslaved Africans directly from the African continent to Greater RVA between 1737 and 1776, which mark the "establishment" of RVA as a City and the USA as an independent state per common historical record. We hope you enjoy the visualizations below.

 

National Origins of enslaved Africans to arrive to directly from the African continent to Greater RVA between the City's (RVA) and Country's (USA) 'Foundings' (1737-1776)

Sourcing: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 'Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America' (ed. Dr. Elizabeth Donnan), 'Virginia Slave Trade Statistics, 1698-1775,' 'Daily Gazeteer' (London, 1735-45).
 

Most Common African Ports of Origin for enslaved African arrivals to Greater RVA directly from the African continent (1737-1776)

Sourcing: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 'Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America' (ed. Dr. Elizabeth Donnan), 'Virginia Slave Trade Statistics, 1698-1775,' 'Daily Gazeteer' (London, 1735-45).
 

Number of Voyages transporting enslaved Africans to Greater RVA directly from the african contnent, by European ports of origin (1737-1776)

Sourcing: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 'Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America' (ed. Dr. Elizabeth Donnan), 'Virginia Slave Trade Statistics, 1698-1775,' 'Daily Gazeteer' (London, 1735-45).
 

Number of enslaved africans who embarked on vs. number of enslaved africans to have survived the middle passage and reach greater rva directly from the african continent, by European port of origin (1737-1776)

Sourcing: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, 'Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America' (ed. Dr. Elizabeth Donnan), 'Virginia Slave Trade Statistics, 1698-1775,' 'Daily Gazeteer' (London, 1735-45).